Definitions

Types of Abuse

Child abuse may take several forms:

  • Sexual Abuse
  • Physical Abuse
  • Neglect
  • Emotional Abuse

Note: Any of these types of abuse can have many emotional and psychological effects on a child.

Child or Youth Abuse
Any unmarried person under the age of 18   years who has not been emancipated by order of the court. F.S.   39.01(12) Any willful act or threatened act that   results in any physical, mental, or sexual abuse, injury, or harm that causes   or is likely to cause the child’s physical, mental, or emotional health to be   significantly impaired. Abuse of a child includes acts or omissions. Corporal   discipline of a child by a parent or legal custodian for disciplinary purposes   does not in itself constitute abuse when it does not result in harm to the   child.   F.S. 39.01(2)
Neglect Harm
Occurs when a child is deprived of, or is   allowed to be deprived of, necessary food, clothing, shelter, or medical   treatment or a child is permitted to live in an environment when such   deprivation or environment causes the child’s physical, mental, or emotional   health to be significantly impaired or to be in danger of being significantly   impaired. F.S. 39.01(44) “Harm” to a   child’s health or welfare can occur when any person:(a)Inflicts or allows to be inflicted upon   the child physical, mental, or emotional injury. In determining whether harm   has occurred, the following factors must be considered in evaluating any   physical, mental, or emotional injury to a child: the age of the child; any   prior history of injuries to the child; the location of the injury on the   body of the child; the multiplicity of the injury; and the type of trauma   inflicted  F.S. 39.01(32)